Add-in

_images/ribbon.png

The xlwings add-in is the preferred way to be able to use RunPython or UDFs. Note that you don’t need an add-in if you just want to manipulate Excel from Python via xlwings.

Note

The ribbon of the add-in is compatible with Excel >= 2007 on Windows and >= 2016 on Mac. You could, however, use the add-in with earlier versions but you would need to change the settings directly in the config file, see below. On Mac, all UDF related functionality doesn’t do anything, although the respecitve button and fields are currently visible.

Note

The add-in is password protected with the password xlwings. For debugging or to add new extensions, you need to unprotect it.

Installation

To install the add-in, it’s easiest to use the command line client: xlwings addin install.

Then, to use RunPython or UDFs in a workbook, you need to set a reference to xlwings in the VBA editor, see screenshot (Windows: Tools > References..., Mac: it’s on the lower left corner of the VBA editor). Note that when you create a workbook via xlwings quickstart, the reference is already set.

_images/vba_reference.png

Global Settings

While the defaults will often work out-of-the box, you can change the global settings directly in the add-in:

  • Interpreter: This is the path to the Python interpreter (works also with virtual or conda envs), e.g. "C:\Python35\pythonw.exe" or "/usr/local/bin/python3.5". An empty field defaults to pythonw that expects the interpreter to be set in the PATH on Windows or .bash_profile on Mac.
  • PYTHONPATH: If the source file of your code is not found, add the path here.
  • UDF_MODULES: Names of Python modules (without .py extension) from which the UDFs are being imported. Separate multiple modules by ”;”. Example: UDF_MODULES = "common_udfs;myproject" The default imports a file in the same directory as the Excel spreadsheet with the same name but ending in .py.
  • Debug UDFs: Check this box if you want to run the xlwings COM server manually for debugging, see Debugging.
  • Log File: Leave empty for default location (see below) or provide the full path, e.g. .
  • RunPython: Use UDF Server: Uses the same COM Server for RunPython as for UDFs. This will be faster, as the interpreter doesn’t shut down after each call.
  • Restart UDF Server: This shuts down the UDF Server/Python interpreter. It’ll be restarted upon the next function call.

Config File

The settings in the xlwings Ribbon are stored in a config file that can also be manipulated externally. The location is

  • Windows: .xlwings\xlwings.conf in your user folder
  • Mac: ~/Library/Containers/com.microsoft.Excel/Data/xlwings.conf

The format is as follows (keys are uppercase):

"INTERPRETER","pythonw"
"PYTHONPATH",""

Workbook Settings

The global settings of the Ribbon/Config file can be overridden for each workbook by adding a sheet with the name xlwings.conf. When you create a new project with xlwings quickstart, it’ll already have such a sheet but you need to rename it to xlwings.conf to make it active.

_images/workbook_config.png

Alternative: Standalone VBA module

Sometimes it might be useful to run xlwings code without having to install an add-in first. To do so, you need to use the standalone option when creating a new project: xlwings quickstart myproject --standalone.

This will add the content of the add-in as a single VBA module so you don’t need to set a reference to the add-in anymore. It will still read in the settings from your xlwings.conf if you don’t override them by using a sheet with the name xlwings.conf.

Log File default locations

These log files are used for the error pop-up windows:

  • Windows: %APPDATA%\xlwings.log
  • Mac with Excel 2011: /tmp/xlwings.log
  • Mac with Excel 2016: ~/Library/Containers/com.microsoft.Excel/Data/xlwings.log